World AIDS Day: 10 Frequently Asked Questions about HIV and

World AIDS Day: 10 Regularly Requested Questions on HIV and AIDS

Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is an an infection that weakens our physique’s immune system whereas acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the late stage of the an infection. Individuals have a tendency to combine up the 2, however they aren’t the identical factor. There are extra doubts about HIV and AIDS. So, on the event of World AIDS Day, which is commemorated on December 1, an professional solutions a few of the incessantly requested questions on HIV and AIDS.

On the finish of 2022, it was discovered that about 39.0 million folks had been residing with HIV, as per the World Health Organization. As many as 6,30, 000 folks misplaced their lives as a consequence of HIV-related causes final 12 months.

Try some incessantly requested questions on HIV and AIDS. Picture courtesy: Shutterstock

Regularly requested questions on HIV and AIDS

There are numerous questions that folks have relating to HIV and AIDS. A few of them are:

1. How lengthy is my lifeline with HIV?

Antiretroviral remedy (ART) is advisable for folks residing with HIV. So long as they take the medicines below this remedy, they are going to have a standard life span, says Dr Vasant Nagvekar, an professional in infectious illnesses.

2. How lengthy do I’ve to take the medicines?

A. An individual identified with HIV must take the HIV treatment for his or her whole life.

3. Is there a everlasting treatment for HIV?

A. There is no such thing as a everlasting treatment, however it may be saved below management with acceptable drugs, says the professional. Our physique can also’t eliminate HIV, so after you have it, it will likely be with you for all times.

4. Can I share the identical washroom with my household?

Sure, after all, utilizing the identical washroom with your loved ones will not be a issues. HIV is unfold from the physique fluids of an individual who’s contaminated, not by utilizing the identical washroom.

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5. Can I exploit the identical utensils with my household?

Sure, you should utilize the identical utensils. HIV doesn’t unfold by sharing meals or utilizing the identical utensils.

6. Do I require some further vaccination with HIV?

A. At the moment, there isn’t any vaccine to stop or deal with those that reside with HIV an infection.

7. If me and my spouse are HIV constructive, can our youngsters be HIV adverse?

Sure, supplied each are virologically suppressed, particularly the mom, says Dr Nagvekar. Additionally, the mother and father must examine with a specialist about supply, breastfeeding and antiretroviral remedy for the new child.

8. I’m HIV constructive, so can I cook dinner meals for my household?

Completely! HIV is majorly transmitted by sexual means, mom to little one (if mom is constructive) and thru blood transfusion.

You possibly can start HIV therapy proper after prognosis. Picture courtesy: Shutterstock

9. When ought to I begin therapy for HIV?

Earlier, the HIV therapy was delayed, largely as a consequence of considerations about its long-term results. CD4, which is a glycoprotein discovered on the floor of immune cells, performed an vital position. Docs waited till an individual’s CD4 depend dropped beneath 500, however now issues have modified as a consequence of technological development. Now, the therapy can start early, typically even the second you get identified with HIV.

10. What ought to an individual do if she or he has an unintended sexual publicity with an unknown particular person, and is apprehensive about HIV?

Begin antiretroviral remedy as early as doable, which suggests it needs to be performed inside 24 hours of publicity. Do it solely after correct session about HIV and different sexually transmitted illnesses.

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Regardless that there isn’t any treatment, folks residing with HIV and who take the medicines prescribed by their physician can stay wholesome and lengthy lives. Having the drugs is vital, as it could possibly scale back the quantity of HIV within the contaminated particular person’s blood.

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