How can I handle my gestational diabetes?
Many ladies with gestational diabetes can handle their blood glucose ranges by following a wholesome consuming plan and being bodily energetic. Some girls additionally may have diabetes drugs.
Observe a wholesome consuming plan
Your well being care workforce will show you how to make a wholesome consuming plan with meals selections which can be good for you and your child. The plan will assist you understand which meals to eat, how a lot to eat, and when to eat. Meals selections, quantities, and timing are all necessary in protecting your blood glucose ranges in your goal vary.
When you’re not consuming sufficient or your blood glucose is just too excessive, your physique would possibly make ketones. Ketones in your urine or blood imply your physique is utilizing fats for vitality as an alternative of glucose. Burning massive quantities of fats as an alternative of glucose will be dangerous to your well being and your child’s well being.
Your physician would possibly advocate you check your urine or blood day by day for ketones or when your blood glucose is above a sure degree, resembling 200. In case your ketone ranges are excessive, your physician might recommend that you simply change the kind or quantity of meals you eat. Or, you could want to vary your meal or snack occasions.
Be bodily energetic
Bodily exercise may help you attain your goal blood glucose ranges. In case your blood stress or levels of cholesterol are too excessive, being bodily energetic may help you attain wholesome ranges. Bodily exercise may relieve stress, strengthen your coronary heart and bones, enhance muscle energy, and hold your joints versatile. Being bodily energetic may also assist decrease your probabilities of having kind 2 diabetes sooner or later.
Discuss together with your well being care workforce about what actions are finest for you throughout your being pregnant. Purpose for half-hour of exercise 5 days of the week, even if you happen to weren’t energetic earlier than your being pregnant.2 If you’re already energetic, inform your physician what you do. Ask your physician if you happen to might proceed some larger depth actions, resembling lifting weights or jogging.
Learn recommendations on how you can eat higher and be extra energetic when you are pregnant and after your child is born.
How will I do know whether or not my blood glucose ranges are on track?
Your well being care workforce might ask you to make use of a blood glucose meter to examine your blood glucose ranges. This system makes use of a small drop of blood out of your finger to measure your blood glucose degree. Your well being care workforce can present you how you can use your meter.
Advisable day by day goal blood glucose ranges for most ladies with gestational diabetes are
- Earlier than meals, at bedtime, and in a single day: 95 or much less
- 1 hour after consuming: 140 or much less
- 2 hours after consuming: 120 or much less3
Ask your physician what targets are best for you.
You possibly can hold observe of your blood glucose ranges utilizing My Day by day Blood Glucose File (PDF, 45 KB) . You too can use an digital blood glucose monitoring system in your pc or cellular system. File the outcomes each time you examine your blood glucose. Your blood glucose information may help you and your well being care workforce determine whether or not your diabetes care plan is working. Take your tracker with you whenever you go to your well being care workforce.
How is gestational diabetes handled if weight-reduction plan and bodily exercise aren’t sufficient?
If following your consuming plan and being bodily energetic aren’t sufficient to maintain your blood glucose ranges in your goal vary, you could want insulin.
If you should use insulin, your well being care workforce will present you how you can give your self insulin photographs. Insulin is not going to hurt your child and is normally the primary alternative of diabetes drugs for gestational diabetes. Researchers are finding out the protection of the diabetes tablets metformin and glyburide throughout being pregnant, however extra long-term research are wanted. Discuss together with your well being care skilled about what therapy is best for you.